Hemp is naturally antibacterial and antifungal
The use of plants in remedies and medicines has a long history. Some natural fibre plants, especially hemp, are regarded to possess antibacterial activity against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria.
Researchers have identified significant antibacterial and antifungal activity of hemp against a wide range of bacteria. With research demonstrating hemp's potent activity against specific bacteria (including MRSA and E. coli) and fungal strains, as well as possessing a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity.
Plants contain numerous biologically active compounds, many of which have been shown to have antibacterial properties. Hemp's cannabinoids, alkaloids, seed oil, essential oils and extracts from the whole plant or leaves, as well as the bast fibres (the plant's stem used to make the hemp fibre for clothing) and hurd, have shown antibacterial effect against a variety of bacteria.
The antibacterial activity of hemp has many applications, not only in medications but for everyday needs and uses. From healthier clothing and textiles (such as naturally bacteria-fighting socks, t-shirts, bed linen, nappies or medical scrubs), to cosmetics and healthcare products (antibacterial skin treatments, antiseptic ointments, toothpaste, mouthwash etc), or food packaging and food storage (inhibiting microbial growth in foods). As well as significant biomedical applications such as wound dressings, and medical devices, implants or prostheses made from hemp polymer composites.
Hemp and its antibacterial properties are generating vast improvements for existing and future products across multiple sectors.
Khan, B., Warner, P., and Wang, H. (2014). Antibacterial properties of hemp and other natural fibre plants: a review. Bioresources.
Hao, X. M., Yang, Y., An, L. X., Wang, J. M., and Han, L. (2014). Study on antibacterial mechanism of hemp fiber. Adv. Mat. Res.